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Maxillofacial Surgery

What does a Maxillofacial Surgeon do?

An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is an orofacial health professional who specializes in the surgical treatment of conditions of the mouth, jaw, neck, and face. Some of the tasks he performs include complex tooth extractions, placement of dental implants, treatment of facial injuries and jaw fractures, and surgical treatment of sleep apnea.

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Treatments

Sure, oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dental health professionals who specialize in surgical and non-surgical procedures involving the mouth, jaw, neck, and face. These specialists can treat a wide variety of conditions, such as:

  • Complex dental extractions, including the removal of impacted teeth, wisdom teeth, and other problem teeth that cannot be removed by a general dentist.

  • Placement of dental implants, which are artificial structures designed to replace missing teeth.

  • Treatment of facial injuries and jaw fractures, which may be caused by auto accidents, sports, falls, or other traumatic injuries.

  • Surgical treatment of sleep apnea, which is a breathing disorder in which a person periodically stops breathing during sleep.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons may also perform reconstructive surgery to treat birth defects, facial defects, and cosmetic concerns, and may also work collaboratively with other specialists, such as orthodontists, otolaryngologists, and oncologists, to provide comprehensive patient care.

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Work in a Hospital

The performance of a maxillofacial surgeon in a hospital can be very varied, since it will depend on the type of hospital and the specific role of the surgeon in that environment. Some of the tasks that a maxillofacial surgeon may carry out in a hospital include:

  • Performing scheduled and emergency surgeries in patients with maxillofacial conditions, such as facial trauma, oral infections and tumors.

  • Treatment of hospitalized patients with maxillofacial conditions, which may include pain management, infection prevention, and attention to nutritional needs.

  • Evaluation of patients referred from other specialists, such as dentists and orthodontists, for the treatment of complex conditions of the mouth, jaw, and face.

  • Participation in multidisciplinary teams that provide care to patients with head and neck cancer, which may involve performing surgeries, coordinating radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment, and postoperative follow-up.

In general, the role of a maxillofacial surgeon in a hospital involves working closely with other healthcare professionals, including anesthesiologists, nurses, and radiology technicians, to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient.

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